We have been talking about web development in the previous few articles. We have already discussed the importance of the web for businesses and design trends we expect to see in 2021. We will expand upon the topic a bit more in this article and talk about what we hope to see in the future when it comes to web development.

Evolution of Web Development Frameworks

Many web development languages and frameworks have emerged in the last one and a half-decade. The evolution started with Single Page Architecture (SPA) and frameworks like Backbone.js and knockout.js. Angular.js, The framework from Google emerged as a clear winner, and it made developing SPA web applications a breeze.

Angular.js was followed by version 2, now called only Angular, and is proving to be as popular as the earlier version. However, a few competitors emerged in the form o Vue.js and React.js. Based on the trends, Angular and React are at the forefront, and they will remain there for the foreseeable future.

JavaScript Will Continue to Rule

What has powered all these frameworks, and the web, is JavaScript. Despite the shortcomings, it has withstood the time’s test and continues to be used across the spectrum today. TypeScript (and to some extent Coffee Script) has abstracted JavaScript while addressing some of the shortcomings. Still, it is JavaScript that runs in the browser.

With frameworks like React Native, JavaScript is also powering mobile apps increasingly. What started with PhoneGap is evolving towards maturity with frameworks like Flutter and React Native. There have been many frameworks in between. But these two frameworks now represent all the maturity that the cross-platform development paradigm has acquired so far.

Backend Is Different Ballgame

While Node.js provided an efficient and effective way of using JavaScript on the server, Python is becoming the backend platform of choice. While it has always been a capable platform, the seamless support for Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are the forces that have renewed interest. It is quite clear that Python will be the most preferred platform for web development.

Mobile Will Be Area of Focus

There is a strong possibility that the cross-platform, JavaScript-based frameworks may even push the native development back. In any case, the web will be mobile-centric. Progressive Web Applications (PWA) and responsive web applications are already the norms. The focus on mobile will continue for web developers.

WordPress Will Be at the Forefront

WordPress is another old warhorse that is still going strong. There have been worthy challengers, especially Wix, but the popularity of WordPress is still unabated. Along with JavaScript, WordPress will continue to remain at the forefront of the web development scenario.

WordPress with WooCommerce, along with Shopify, is also emerging as the primary eCommerce platform. As the overall eCommerce activities increase, these two platforms will have a majority share for new ventures and stores. Both these platforms provide lower entry barriers so that you can quickly get started with a sufficiently good eCommerce system.

Voice Interactions

While still not prevalent with desktop web, the voice is a factor that will become increasingly crucial. The mobile apps are already seeing the trend where voice commands and search are becoming the norm. The search engines are also adjusting their algorithms to match the direction. Many applications have started using the voice command to carry out their functions.

Lack of tools to capture the voice with excellent quality output was an issue earlier. Fortunately, we are making enough strides to capture, parse, synthesize, and process a wide variety of languages, dialects, and accents. At the heart of the voice processing capabilities are Machine Learning (ML) algorithms. So, the more we talk, the better will be the voice processing capabilities.

No-Code Web Development Will Have Limited Success (Just Yet)

While there are many advancements in the technology to really look forward to no-code development, for now, the capabilities are still limited. While you can have an essential website or web application, there are still challenges in scalability and flexibility. While established platforms like Wix has seen considerable success, and GPT3 promises to be a game-changer, there is still time for no-code development to become the norm.

AI Will Increase in Promise and Use

Now that we have mentioned GPT3 let us talk about the thing that everyone is discussing the most. AI has shown promise and a real possibility that automation is possible when it comes to web development. But it is still limited in implementation. The most visible implementation is in chatbots. However, even that is limited when compared to the potential. There is also the question of data availability and costs involved with implementations. For smaller and medium businesses, the use of AI is still in the nascent stage.

 

This scenario is not going to change soon. The use of AI will continue to increase. But the most visible implementations will be for large organizations. Its adoption is still a little away for smaller organizations.

Finally…

While it is tempting to predict a long-term future of web development and pronounce verdicts, we are purposefully refraining from doing that. What this article discusses are near-term trends that will form the basis for the long-term future. We believe web development will evolve further rather than facing a revolution. How the future unfolds depends on many variables. Still, it is quite sure that web development is changing definitively from what we have known so far.

 

Featured Image: Photo by Andy Holmes on Unsplash

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